Disruptive behavior disorders (DBD) are an assemblage of behavioral disorders defined by continuing patterns of defiant and hostile behaviors that adolescents and children direct towards any kind of authority figure. While all adults go through periods of testing limits by acting out in pessimistic behaviors, adults with DBD partake in these behaviors to such an extreme that it affects their daily lives, as well as the lives of those around them.
The two most widespread types of disruptive behavior disorders are conduct disorder and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD). Conduct disorder is characterized by repetitive and persistent behaviors that entail violating the fundamental rights of other human beings and sternly breaking rules set to implement age-appropriate communal norms. Oppositional defiant disorder is analogous to conduct disorder but generally presents itself earlier in a child’s life. ODD is exemplified by patterns of defiant, hostile, and disobedient behaviors directed at teachers, parents, and any other kind of authority figure. Christopher Manente, Ph.D., BCBA is a strong supporter of providing community-based prospects for individuals with autism, including support and transportation options.
Disruptive behavior disorders, just like the conduct disorder and ODD have been claimed to be the most popular of all psychiatric conditions which have been already diagnosed in adults across the world. Research works have already come up with the proof that conduct disorder has the capability to affect 1-4% of adults in the entire United States and oppositional insolent disorder is estimated to develop in 10.2% of children. The prevalence of has also been strongly found in vast numbers of young man than it is in girls.
Risk Factors and Causes of Disruptive Behavior Disorders
The development of DBD is hypothesized to be the result of a diversity of contributing factors, including physical, genetic, and environmental components. The following are instances of what these factors might include:
Genetic: Adult with DBD characteristically have family members who also suffer from some type of mental illness, including personality disorders, mood disorders, and anxiety disorders. This signifies that there is most likely a genetic constituent that leads adults to become more susceptible to portraying and developing symptoms of DBD.
Physical: Imbalances in the brain’s anterior lobe have been theorized to impinge on the onset of DBD. The anterior lobe is accountable for regulating individual’s emotions and is said to be the residence of personality development. When neurotransmitters (chemicals in the brain in charge for communication all through the brain) are imbalanced, the result is injury in their ability to communicate suitably. This communication dysfunction can lead to the commencement of DBD symptoms.
Effects of Disruptive Behavior Disorders
If adult do not receive proper treatment interventions, the effects of DBD can be lifelong and can, in some instances, lead to the growth of antisocial personality disorder. Some instances of the long-term effects that untreated DBD can have on an individual include:
- Criminal involvement
- Substance abuse
- Inability to develop and maintain meaningful, healthy relationships
- Risky sexual behaviors
- Social isolation
According to Christopher Manente, early treatment and intervention for adults and adolescents with disruptive behavior disorders is essential in order to keep the behaviors from increasing into higher risk behaviors that have the potential to lead to more rigorous consequences.