PEP stands for Post-Exposure Prophylaxis, the term that is popular as an HIV drug intake after the body has been exposed to the risk of getting infected with an HIV virus. After the wrong kind of sexual exposure, the one that is disease causing, then PEP comes into the picture. This usually involves the intake of 3 unique HIV drugs, as a combination for 30 days consecutively.
Does It Work
That entirely depends on how cautious you are. The earlier it starts, the more likely you will find positive results. Ideally, this should be started within a couple of hours from finding out the presence of infection. If this is not possible, as earlier as possible is a good solution, at least a considerable one. There are certain terms that have a two-day window to complete or start the medication. However, you can find less impact as for effectiveness quotient is considered. Other guidelines are present that has a 72-hour set up. This may cause less to no result. However, if the person is traumatized, then this could be a considerable result in working on the stress. The guidelines recommend no benefits for more than 72-hour scene.
If the PEP has worked or if the person was not infected at all in the first place, then within a period of one month, the test conducted at the HIV PEP Singapore Clinic will result in negative presence. Post three months, the treatment of PEP will be all over. On the off chance that it did not work, then the result will show positive, indicating the presence of infection post treatment.
The Best Way
The most preferred way to ensure if the treatment has worked or not is to check with a test after a month post the PEP treatment. After this step, the confirmatory tests are to be taken and you should be attentive in following the same in the next three months consecutively.
The HIV PEP Singapore Clinic offers one of the well-known treatments, considering how the country has been equipped with relevant testing equipment.
There are certain doctors and nurses who are prone to the needle-stick injuries while caring for PHAs. This has in fact, raised the number of people who suffer the HIV infection. To prevent this, a brief study was made to find out a percentage that was exposed to the disease.
Research works say that the participants have been given with PEP within 72 hours of exposure t the infection. Some people have had two counselling sessions while the others went up to five. Now, the HIV PEP Singapore Clinic session is focused on reducing the risk and impact of transmitting the disease.
How The Infection Travels
As we all know, most of the participants of the counselling sessions have had the intercourse without protection. However, there are also other potential routes to how the person can be exposed to the infection. Some of them include:
- Sharing the needles during street drug use and frequently doing so.
- Contacting with an infectious body fluid. Here, the fluid is present on skin that occurs due to cut or abrasion or anything related to it.
Therapies Given To The Participants
The usual therapies that are AZT coformulated with 3TC (Combivir), d4T and 3TC, d4T and ddI were given to these participants as well. Whenever possible, the researchers took time to interview the person who was a possible source for the infection to occur.
The Therapies And The Outcomes
After a deep analysis of around 702 participants, the researchers found that about 1% of the group, that is 7 people became infected with HIV and they are seroconverters. Moreover, a vast majority, say 95% was exposed to the infection due to unprotected sex. In fact, most of these infected people were men.
Further, the group was divided into two – the seroconverters and the contrary as an attempt to find the factors. In the same, all the seven seroconverters happened to be men who engaged in an unsafe intercourse, receptive or anal intercourse. Comparatively, 50% of the non-seroconverters seem to have been engaged in similar sexual acts that have exposed them to such infection.
If at all after the long process, the PEP fails there are only a few factors like continuous exposure or not participating in the counselling in the earlier stages and if the route of infection has been very severe. All these cases completely rely on the participant and have nothing to do with the effectiveness of the HIV PEP.