The interesting and long history of plastic surgery can be detected back to the primeval times. In the 8th century BC, medical practitioners or doctors in old India began using skin grafts to restructure human skin spots. An ancient Indian medical doctor named Susrutha made the first witnessed nose construction. He used some skin or a portion from a forehead. During that time, nose amputations were liable to be punished by old Indian laws.
A number of millennium later, the Romans acted upon simple techniques like repairing damaged ears. In Europe, Dr Heinrich von Pfolspeundt performed a simple plastic surgery by eliminating skin coming from the arms back and sutured it in place. Nevertheless, the science and practice of plastic surgery advanced and became widespread only in the 19th and 20th centuries. It was because in the aged times, too much hazard was accredited to plastic surgeries. The father of contemporary plastic surgery is Sir Harold Gillies. He was capable of developing a number of methods for modern plastic surgery. During World War I, Sir Gillies concentrated on patients who suffered facial injuries.
Defining plastic surgery
The word plastic surgery is a universal term referring to instrumental or manual treatment or operation performed for functional or aesthetic purposes or reasons. The term ‘plastic’ from plastic surgery arises from a Greek ancient word ‘plastikos’ that means to mold or to shape.
There are two main or principal fields or areas of plastic surgery to date. These include:
- Reconstructive plastic surgery- According to Adam Stein Raleigh NC , this field of plastic surgery focuses on undoing or masking destructions in the face or other exterior parts of the body. Through the procedure, tissues from other parts of the body are transferred to a different part.
- Nowadays, cosmetic or aesthetic surgery is the most ordinary form of plastic surgery. This kind of plastic surgery is most of the time made to improve or modify features in the face or body that the patient finds unflattering or ugly. Instances of this type of plastic surgery are breast implantation or breast reduction.
Related disciplines to plastic surgery as Explained by Dr. Adam Stein Raleigh NC
From the past and the two diverse areas of plastic surgeries, it can still be further subdivided. The American Board of Plastic Surgery also consists of the further advancement or study in the following related particular disciplines:
- Craniofacial surgery is a form of plastic surgery involves the surgery or treatment to modify or align congenital or inherited physical defects. It includes craniosynostosis, cleft lip palate and other defects in the face due to physical development and congenital causes.
- Hand surgery is an additional discipline where plastic surgeons like Adam Stein Raleigh NC are skilled. They obtain full training in the field.
Maxillofacial surgery is one kind of plastic surgery that involves jaw or maxilla and face. The field sprang from or grew the advancements and contributions in both plastic surgeries and oral surgeries. Examples of operations in this field are fractures in the jaw as well as in the face that may have arisen from brawls or accidents.