Diet for Crohn’s disease

Diet for Crohn's disease

If you have Crohn’s disease, you may have noticed that certain foods cause intestinal symptoms, especially when the disease begins. Learning how to avoid these foods can help you better manage your illness, reduce gastrointestinal symptoms, and encourage bowel healing.

What is Crohn’s disease?

Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are two types of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Both involve an immune response against the intestinal tract. In the case of ulcerative colitis, the colon becomes inflamed and the small intestine functions normally. As for Crohn’s disease, the small intestine is often inflamed, making it difficult to digest and absorb key nutrients. Malnutrition, as well as lack of appetite, can lead to malnutrition in people with Crohn’s disease. This malnutrition can change the taste, reduce appetite and therefore food intake, cause vitamin and nutrient deficiencies, reduce nutrient absorption and encourage disease progression.

When Crohn’s disease only affects the small intestine, it leads to diarrhea and malnutrition. When the colon is also inflamed, diarrhea can be severe. Severe diarrhea in combination with malnutrition often causes problems. For example, a person with Crohn’s disease may have anemia and low levels of vitamin B12, folic acid and iron. Dietary deficiencies and the inability to maintain a normal weight are serious problems that affect many people, even children, suffering from Crohn’s disease.

What is the diet for Crohn’s disease?

You’ve probably learned that there are different types of diet for Crohn’s disease on the Internet. In fact, there is no effective diet for inflammatory bowel disease. Most experts believe, however, that some patients may be able to detect specific foods that cause their gastrointestinal symptoms, especially when the disease begins. By avoiding these “foods that cause it”, you could reduce your gastrointestinal symptoms (gas, abdominal pain, cramps, diarrhea). This will allow your intestines to take time to heal.

If you have had problems with the absorption of nutrients from Crohn’s disease, it is important to follow a high-calorie diet, even when you are not hungry. In this context, a diet that is effective against the development of Crohn’s disease, according to expert recommendations, emphasizes the importance of regular consumption of regular meals – plus two or three snacks – every day. This will ensure that you get enough protein, calories and nutrients. It is also recommended that you take supplements. Then you will definitely be able to replenish the necessary nutrients in your body.

What foods should I avoid as part of the Crohn’s diet?

Foods that cause symptoms are different for each person with Crohn’s disease. To find out which foods to leave behind, you need to determine which foods cause your bowel problems. The foods on the following list are often characterized by people with Crohn’s disease. Some of these foods can cause pain in your home:

  • Alcohol (cocktails, beer, wine)
  • Butter, mayonnaise, margarine, oils
  • Soft drinks
  • Coffee, tea, chocolate
  • Corn leaves
  • Dairy products (in case of lactose intolerance)
  • Fatty foods (fried)
  • Foods high in fiber
  • Foods that produce gas (lentils, beans, legumes, cabbage, broccoli, onions)
  • Nuts and seeds (peanut butter, other butter)
  • Raw fruits
  • Raw vegetables
  • Red meat and pork
  • Spicy foods
  • Whole grains and bran

Once you’ve identified the foods that are causing your symptoms, you can choose to avoid them altogether or learn new ways to cook them to feel the results less. You should definitely experiment with new ways of eating and cooking to find out what are the best methods for you. So, if some raw vegetables cause disease, you don’t necessarily have to give them up. You can steam them, boil them or make a stew, so you can enjoy them without suffering from gastrointestinal symptoms. If red meat increases the presence of fat in the stool, you can try eating minced meat or grilled meat to see if you can tolerate it better in this form. You can also choose to eat only low-fat poultry meat, as well as fish, to meet your protein needs.

Is a low-fat diet a cure for Crohn’s disease?

A low-fat diet is low in food adding leftovers to the stool. Many people with Crohn’s disease of the small intestine experience narrowing or narrowing of the lower small intestine (ileum). For them, the low fiber content of a low-residue diet can help reduce abdominal pain, cramps and diarrhea. This diet could also reduce the frequency of bowel movements for some people (not scientifically verified).

Foods to avoid on a low-fat diet:

  • Corn husk
  • Nuts
  • Raw fruits
  • The seeds
  • Vegetables

Can keeping a food diary help me manage Crohn’s disease?

Yes Monitoring the foods you eat every day can help you identify “offenders”, foods that can cause symptoms. Avoiding these foods, especially when your illness is serious, can give you a better quality of life.

This will also help you, with the help of your doctor, determine if you are following a balanced diet. This log can help you determine if you have enough protein, carbs, fats and water. It can also be detected if you have eaten enough calories to maintain your weight and have energy.

To get started, write down the foods you eat each day, as well as portion sizes in a small notebook. Indicate the date, the foods you have eaten and the symptoms you may experience after eating.

After a month or two, review your food magazine with a nutritionist. This healthcare professional will be able to determine if you are getting enough essential nutrients in your daily meals or if you may need supplements. A good diet helps the body to be active and heal faster. Talking about your diet with a nutritionist is important for your health as well as for good management of Crohn’s disease.

What is important in the nutrition of Crohn’s disease?

Limiting certain foods can help control your symptoms. But do not limit yourself to the point of change on the part of malnutrition, which often accompanies Crohn’s disease and which is much worse than suffering from intestinal disorders. You will need to find other food sources to replace the calories, protein, carbohydrates and fats in the foods you eat. To do this, you need to focus on the foods that are included in your diet.

Although fast food should normally be avoided in a healthy diet, sometimes it can give your body a much-needed boost. Some quick dishes can provide a valuable amount of essential nutrients and calories. For example, pizzas provide calories, protein and nutrients such as calcium and vitamins A, B, C and D. A milkshake has a high calorie and calcium content. Of course, if you are lactose intolerant, you need to remember to take the right medicine before consuming a dairy product.

Ask your doctor or nutritionist for advice on whether you should take supplements. In fact, many people with Crohn’s disease have vitamin D deficiency. A study published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine reported that higher doses of vitamin D (1,000 to 2,000 IU per day) may be beneficial, especially in reducing the risk of cancer. colon, which may be higher in people with IBD. The National Academy of Sciences has shown that a dose of 2000 IU / day of vitamin D will prevent the development of cancer. But it is always important to check with your doctor that this dosage is right for you.

Can a liquid diet help me control the symptoms of Crohn’s disease?

Some research shows that liquid diets can help people with certain diseases, and it is clear that some people with Crohn’s disease can benefit from consuming high-calorie liquid diets, especially during a crisis. . By providing the intestines with a good rest, liquid feeding can help relieve the symptoms of Crohn’s disease. In addition, a liquid diet or absorption of specific liquid types of high-calorie foods can help people with Crohn’s disease who need a short-term dietary supplement or those whose intestines cannot absorb nutrients found in whole foods. Some people with Crohn’s disease take supplements such as Ensure Plus or Boost Plus when they need to increase calories and nutrients.

Are there any benefits of omega-3 fatty acids and probiotics in Crohn’s disease?

Many experiments using fish oil and flaxseed suggest that good fats play an important role in the inflammatory response that characterizes IBD. However, these studies did not show whether omega-3 fatty acids had anti-inflammatory action in the case of IBD. If you want to add omega-3 fatty acid supplements to your diet, consult your doctor first.

Other studies are just beginning to look at the possibility that probiotic or “good” bacteria are beneficial in Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. More studies are needed, however, to determine if these supplements can help heal the bowel in IBD.

Diet for Crohn’s disease
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