- Vitamin C = ascorbic acid
Synonymous with “strength”, this vitamin protects the body as a antioxidant and improving resilience to infections viral and bacterial. He intervenes in the metabolism energy by promoting the cellular use of lipids and carbohydrates from reserves (fat and glycogen in the liver) and in the production of collagen, a protein that structures the skin and bones.
In case of a serious deficit, sorrow appears: skin lesions, fragility of the blood capillaries, “rotten gums”, loss of force. But there is little risk of suffering in our societies right now. Without reaching the deficit stage, vitamin C deficiency would be associated with an increased risk of cancer and cardiovascular disease.
We recommend increasing your intake for older people and smokers.
“Tonic”, Vitamin B1 is essential for production of energy from cells, in particular nerve and muscle cells (through aerobic glycolysis) and the synthesis of fatty acids.
Severe deficiency causes beriberi, characterized by slow heart rate, nerve damage, diarrhea, loss of appetite, fatigue and stagnation in children.
- Vitamin B2 = riboflavin
Vitamin B2 is involved in protein metabolism: it promotes the synthesis of Proteines and on growth prevents loss of amino acids.
Vitamin B3 plays a major role in all production or storage reactions of energy in our body.
Serious deficiency leads to pellagra, a disease whose symptoms can be summarized through “3D”: dermatitis (skin damage), diarrhea and dementia.
- Vitamin B5 = pantothenic acid
This vitamin is involved at all levels in the cellular reactions of the production and breakdown of molecules. In other words, the whole metabolism, therefore, cell function stops without vitamin B5.
For information, vitamin B5 is prescribed in high doses for the treatment of hair loss …
Vitamin B6 is involved in the cellular production of three different compounds: protein, on neurotransmitter and heme, a central component of hemoglobin. Hence its importance for muscle, nerve communication and oxygen transport in the blood.
- Vitamin B8 = H = Biotin
Vitamin B8 is also essential in molecular synthesis: fatty acid synthesis, liver glucose, and heme. In this way it promotes the construction of cell membranes, the provision of energy such as glucose for cells and the transport of oxygen between the lungs and the cells.
- Vitamin B9 = folic acid
Vitamin B9 is essential for DNA : both to do so, to protect it, to repair it in the event of a mutation (which occurs naturally, arbitrarily, and not necessarily under the influence of mutagenic factors) and to regulate its cellular expression.
Vitamin B9 deficiency affects all blood components whose levels decrease: red blood cells (less on oxygèno transported hence fatigue), white blood cells (therefore immunity less effective) and platelets (blood coagulants less well). There are also nervous disorders. Low levels of vitamin B9 are associated with a risk of osteoporosis.
- Vitamin B12 = cobalamin
Like vitamin B9, vitamin B12 is essential for the synthesis of DNA. It promotes the maturation of red blood cells and the effectiveness of immunity.
Vitamin A (animal) and carotene (vegetable) are the vitamins of vision dusk, one that allows us to “see” well in low light.
In addition to this role in vision, these molecules are essential for growth bones at development, in reproduction and protecting the body from infections (they promote defenses immune) and free radicals (they have properties antioxidant).
- Vitamin E = alpha-tocopherol
Vitamin E is a antioxidant Main ones whose effects are enhanced by Vitamin C (Vitamin C regenerates the active form of Vitamin E) also produce better antioxidant results when the two vitamins are present together and in sufficient quantity in the body. But not only! Thanks to Vitamin E, immunity cell production is maintained of energy increases inflammation as well as the risk of thrombosis (when a blood clot is unnecessarily formed in a vessel).
Its most famous role is to promote the formation of bone tissue : this is an indirect role because vitamin D allows it to be absorbed above all else calcium food that once passed from the intestine into the bloodstream can be mineralized in bone tissue. Vitamin D deficiency in children prevents harmonious growth (Rickets) and in adults it demineralizes the bones (Osteomalacia). We should also mention its importance in regulating the synthesis of hormones such as insulin.
- Vitamin K = phylloquinone
Vitamin K Protected: Avoids bleeding in case of injury. In fact, it is one of the molecules that activates the cascade reactions leading to coagulation blood when there is a lesion.